Flu also known as Influenza is a viral disease caused by influenza A or B viruses and appears mostly during winter seasons. Knowing facts about flu can significantly help by either preventing it or minimizing the effect of its virus. As a viral disease, the virus is easily transmitted through the air when one sneezes, coughs or touching any of your body orifices like nose eyes and mouth. What happens is that this virus enters in your respiratory track and attach itself to the epithelial cell and starts multiplying with time. As a result, the cells ruptures and starts to spread the virus to other cells in the body.
Through this article we shall tackle several common questions that will enable you to be more conversant with the facts about this contagious respiratory illness which includes:
Symptoms of influenza?
The very first flu symptoms include sneezing and running nose, and most people tend to confuse them with those of a common cold since they are similar. However, a flu victim will also experience fever, dry cough, fatigue, vomiting and body aches among others. When it comes to children, they experience nausea, diarrhea, and dehydration. As a matter of fact, if these symptoms are not taken seriously they might result in a severe condition such as pneumonia.
Who are susceptible to this illness?
Another fact about this disorders is that everyone is at the risk of getting flu starting from a newborn to the most elder person in the family. If one person gets the flu, chances are another person if not the whole family will suffer from this respiratory illness. Another thing you need to know about influenza is that people suffering from chronic conditions such as asthmatics, diabetes, and other heart-related diseases are at high risk of getting the flu.
Is flu preventable?
The first thing is to wash your hands frequently as well as enlightening your entire family on the importance of covering one’s mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing. Secondly, stay away from anyone who is coughing or sneezing if you feel something suspicious about them. Another way of preventing the flu is through vaccination since they are safe for anyone. When it comes to vaccination, children and people with weak immunity should avoid the nasal spray vaccine since it contains a live virus that might affect their health.
Understanding facts about flu is a good way to save your loved ones from misery. Once you experience the above symptoms, seek medical attention immediate since this is the only way a doctor can lessen the condition of the flu by prescribing an antivirus medication within 48 hours.